Cell Biology of Vertebrates, Microbes and Parasites

Vertebrates are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers. Biologists have identified 1.3 million living species of animals. Estimates of the total number of animal species run far higher, from 10 to 20 million to as many as 100 to 200 million.in general vertebrates are all motile, heterotropic, and multicellular .Animals are ingestive heterotrophs unlike plants, who store their food as starch,and animals store their food as glycogen. Vertebrates cells lack of cell walls that provide structural support for plants and fungi .The multicellular bodies of animals are held together by extracellular structural proteins especially collagen. Vertebrate cell s are made up of cells organized into tissues .each tissue specialized to some specific functions .vertebrates have their unique types of intracellular junctions, including tight junctions, desmosomes. And gap junctions together. Microbes are member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi that produce familiar fruiting forms known as mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, Fungi, which is separate from the other eukaryotic life kingdoms of plants and animals.
  • Cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions
  • Membrane trafficking
  • Organelles and membrane biology
  • Nuclear structure and function
  • Regulation and organization of the genome
  • Cell Division: Mitosis & meiosis and cell polarity
  • Signal transduction and signaling networks proteostasis
  • Cell Stress, and aging
  • Development and Morphogenesis
  • Cell Biology of the Neuron
  • Prokaryotic, protists and parasites cell biology
  • Host-pathogen/host-commensal interactions

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